The Soviet Union is facing a severe economic crisis and needs new sources of funding to survive. One of its main goals is to join the World Bank, an international institution that provides loans and grants to developing countries. However, the Soviet Union's brutal crackdown on the independence movements in its republics has provoked international condemnation and outrage. The three major shareholders of the World Bank - the European Union, Japan, and the United States - have the power to block Moscow's admission to the Bank. They should use this leverage to pressure the Soviet leadership to stop the violence and respect the democratic aspirations of the people in the republics.
The World Bank's mission is to reduce poverty and promote sustainable development in the world. It supports projects that improve health, education, infrastructure, agriculture, and environmental protection in its member countries. The Soviet Union, however, has shown little regard for these values in its domestic and foreign policies. It has exploited and oppressed its own people, especially the ethnic minorities in the republics. It has also intervened militarily in several neighboring countries, such as Afghanistan and Poland, to prop up unpopular regimes and suppress democratic movements.
By joining the World Bank, the Soviet Union hopes to gain access to billions of dollars in loans and grants that could help it reform its economy and modernize its industry. It also hopes to improve its international image and legitimacy by becoming part of a prestigious global institution. However, the Soviet Union does not meet the criteria for membership in the World Bank. It has not demonstrated a commitment to human rights, democracy, and market-oriented reforms. It has not respected the sovereignty and territorial integrity of other countries. It has not cooperated with other members of the international community to address global challenges such as climate change and nuclear proliferation.
The European Union, Japan, and the United States have a moral and strategic responsibility to oppose the Soviet Union's bid for membership in the World Bank. They should make it clear that Moscow's admission to the Bank is conditional on its respect for the rights and wishes of the people in the republics. They should also support the republics' efforts to achieve independence and democracy, and to establish their own relations with the World Bank and other international organizations. By doing so, they would not only uphold the principles and values of the World Bank, but also contribute to the peaceful and orderly dissolution of the Soviet empire. 0efd9a6b88